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Airlines in Europe

Information about airlines in Europe.
The chart below lists airlines considered to be a "flag carrier", based on current or former state ownership, or other verifiable designation as a national airline. Country/Region Airline Details of current state ownership Details of former state ownership Afghanistan Ariana Afghan Airlines[23] Majority[24] Algeria Air Algérie[25] State-owned[26] Angola TAAG Angola Airlines[27] State-owned Argentina Aerolíneas Argentinas[28] State-owned[28] Australia Qantas[29] None State-owned until 1992[30] Austria Austrian Airlines[31] None – owned by Lufthansa[32] State-owned until 5 Dec 2008[33] Azerbaijan Azerbaijan Airlines[34] Bahamas Bahamasair[35] State-owned Bahrain Gulf Air[36] Bangladesh Biman Bangladesh Airlines[37] Public-limited company State-owned until 23 July 2007 Belarus Belavia[38] State-owned[39] Belgium Brussels Airlines[40] None – owned by SN Airholding, which biggest share holder (45%) is Lufthansa[32][41] Bhutan Druk Air[42] None Bolivia Boliviana de Aviación State-owned[43] Bosnia and Herzegovina B&H Airlines[44] Majority (50.93%) 99.93% prior to 2008 Botswana Air Botswana State-owned Brunei Royal Brunei Airlines[45] State-owned[45] Bulgaria Bulgaria Air[46] Majority (59.58%) Burkina Faso Air Burkina Burundi Air Burundi State-owned Cambodia Cambodia Angkor Air[47] Majority (51%)[48] Cameroon Camair-Co[49] Canada Air Canada None State-owned until 1989[50] Cape Verde TACV[51] Cayman Islands Cayman Airways State-owned (100%)[52] Chad Toumaï Air Tchad Chile LAN Airlines[53] None State-owned until September 1989.[54] China Air China[55] Majority (51.8%)[56] State-owned until 2004, and indirectly control through parent company till now[57] Colombia Avianca[58] None Costa Rica Lacsa State-owned Owned by Taca[contradiction] Croatia Croatia Airlines[59] Majority (98%)[60] Cuba Cubana de Aviación[61] Cyprus Cyprus Airways[62] Majority (93.67%)[63] Czech Republic Czech Airlines[64] Majority (56%)[64] Denmark Scandinavian Airlines[65] Joint-Venture[nb 1] Norway Sweden Djibouti Djibouti Air Joint venture Ecuador TAME[67] State-owned[68] Egypt EgyptAir[69] State-owned[70] Equatorial Guinea Ecuato Guineana Eritrea Eritrean Airlines State-owned Estonia Estonian Air[71] State-owned[72] Ethiopia Ethiopian Airlines[73] State-owned Fiji Fiji Airways[74] Majority (51%)[75] Faroe Islands Atlantic Airways[76] Finland Finnair[77] 55.8[78] France Air France[79] Minority (~20%)[citation needed] French Polynesia Air Tahiti Nui[80] Majority[81] Gambia Gambia Bird[82] Georgia Georgian Airways None Germany Lufthansa[83] None State-owned until 1994;[84] remaining government shares were sold in 1997[85] Greenland Air Greenland[86] Joint venture[citation needed] Guernsey Aurigny Air Services[87] State-owned[88] Guyana Caribbean Airlines[89] None Haiti Tortug' Air Hong Kong Cathay Pacific Cross Holding with Air China (29.9%)[90][additional citation needed] Dragonair[citation needed] Holding by Cathay Pacific in 100% Iceland Icelandair[91] India Air India[92] State-owned[93] Indonesia Garuda Indonesia[94] Majority Ireland Aer Lingus[95] Minority (25%)[96] Iran Iran Air 100% state-owned [97] Iraq Iraqi Airways[98] Israel El Al[99] Minority[citation needed] State-owned until June 2004 Italy Alitalia[100] Minority (19.48%)[101] State-owned until 2008, and indirectly control through a state-owned company since 2013.[102][103] Ivory Coast Air Côte d'Ivoire[104] Minority (49%) Jamaica Air Jamaica Japan Japan Airlines[105] None State-owned until 1987 Jordan Royal Jordanian[106] Kazakhstan Air Astana[107] Majority (51%)[108] Kenya Kenya Airways[109] Minority (29.8%)[110] Kiribati Air Kiribati Kuwait Kuwait Airways[111] State-owned[112] Laos Lao Airlines[113] State-owned[113] Latvia Air Baltic Majority (99.8%)[114] Lebanon Middle East Airlines[115] Libya Afriqiyah Airways[116] State-owned[117] Libyan Airlines[118] State-owned[118] Luxembourg Luxair[119] Minority (49.96%) Macau Air Macau[120] Minority (5%) Madagascar Air Madagascar[121] Majority Malawi Malawian Airlines[122] Majority (51%)[122] Malaysia Malaysia Airlines[123] Maldives Maldivian Malta Air Malta[124] Majority[125] Mauritania Mauritania Airlines International Mauritius Air Mauritius[126] Mexico Aeroméxico None State-owned until 2007 Moldova Air Moldova Mongolia MIAT Mongolian Airlines[127] State-owned[128] Montenegro Montenegro Airlines[129] Morocco Royal Air Maroc[130] State-owned Mozambique LAM Mozambique Airlines[131] State-owned Myanmar Myanma Airways[132] State-owned[132] Namibia Air Namibia[133] State-owned (100%)[134] Nauru Nauru Airlines[135] State-owned[135] Nepal Nepal Airlines[136] State-owned Netherlands KLM[79] Minority (6%)[137][needs update] New Zealand Air New Zealand[138] Majority (53%)[139] State-owned until 1989, partially re-nationalized in 2001 North Korea Air Koryo[140] State-owned[141] Oman Oman Air[142] Majority[143] Pakistan Pakistan International Airlines[144] Majority (90.2%)[145] Panama Copa Airlines None Papua New Guinea Air Niugini Philippines Philippine Airlines[146] Poland LOT Polish Airlines[147] Majority (93%)[148] Portugal TAP Portugal[149] State-owned[149] Qatar Qatar Airways State-owned Réunion Air Austral[150] Romania TAROM[151] Majority (95%) [152] Russia Aeroflot[153] Majority (51%)[153] Rwanda RwandAir[154] Saint Vincent and the Grenadines SVG Air Samoa Virgin Samoa[155] Joint-venture, minority (49%)[156] São Tomé and Príncipe STP Airways None Saudi Arabia Saudia[157] Majority Serbia Air Serbia[158] Majority (51%)[159][additional citation needed] Seychelles Air Seychelles[160] None Solomon Islands Solomon Airlines State-owned (100%)[161] Sierra Leone Arik Air None Singapore Singapore Airlines[162] 54.5% through Temasek Holdings[163] Slovenia Adria Airways[164] Majority (70%)[129] South Africa South African Airways[165] State-owned[166] South Korea Korean Air[167] None[168] Spain Iberia[169] Minority (5%)[170] Sri Lanka SriLankan Airlines[171] State-owned[172] Sudan Sudan Airways State-owned[173] Suriname Surinam Airways[174] State-owned[175] Swaziland Swaziland Airlink Joint venture Switzerland Swiss International Air Lines[176] None – owned by Lufthansa[32] Syria Syrian Air[177] State-owned Taiwan China Airlines[178] None State-owned until 1991. 51.28% held by non-profit Civic Aviation Development Foundation.[179] Tajikistan Tajik Air State-owned Tanzania Air Tanzania State-owned Thailand Thai Airways International[180] Majority (51%) Trinidad and Tobago Caribbean Airlines[181] Majority (84%)[182] Tunisia Tunisair[183] Majority[183] Turkey Turkish Airlines[44] Minority (49%) Turkmenistan Turkmenistan Airlines[184] State-owned Uganda Air Uganda None Ukraine Ukraine International Airlines[185] United Arab Emirates Etihad Airways[186] State-owned[186] Emirates[187] State-owned United Kingdom British Airways[188] None Privatised in 1987[189] Uzbekistan Uzbekistan Airways Majority Venezuela Conviasa[citation needed] State-owned Vietnam Vietnam Airlines[190] State-owned[190] Vanuatu Air Vanuatu[191] Yemen Yemenia[192] Majority Zimbabwe Air Zimbabwe[193] State-owned[193]

Wikipedia "Airlines in Europe" Category

See also
More About Transportation in Europe
Countries of Europe
European Travel Guide

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